Friday, December 30

HIS WIFE LEFT HIM WITH 5 CHILDREN AFTER SHE SUDDENLY DIED – WHEN HE FOUND HER MEDICINE BOX EVERYTHING BECAME CLEAR

Before we start with this article, you should know that this is really shocking and heartbreaking story. This is how the story goes – Joey and Kessy met at work in 2004 and fell in love. So, after 2 years, they got engaged and couldn’t wait to start their own family. 

Everything was going great, and in 2015 she got pregnant with triplets. And now, they would have 5 kids, all younger then the age of 7. The older daughters could not wait for the new family members.

But, unfortunately, during her pregnancy, the doctors discovered a blood clot in her lungs. So, what happened next? 

Well, after giving birth to 2 boys and one girl, she felt much better. But, this is not how the story ends. Unfortunately, when Kessy was discharged from the hospital, she woke up with a sharp pain in her chest. Shortly after that she passed away.

According to the experts, blood clots commonly appear during pregnancy as the body prepares itself not to lose too much blood during the delivery

And, this is the main reason why all doctors do not recommend taking too many pills during pregnancy, because the blood flow is the legs is much weaker and reduced, and the blood vessels near the pelvis become tighter, the uterus expands, and this pressures the pelvis. Ladies, this means that you should be very careful and always talk with your doctor before trying any medications or home remedies. 

Thank you for your time and don’t forget to share this article with your friends and family. Thank you and have a good one.


Wednesday, December 21

AUCTION WINNER GIVES UP HOUSE

Ada beberapa perkara yang mampu kita pelajari dari kisah ini :

1- Rezeki manusia untung dan ruginya adalah di luar jangkaun pemikiran dan kemampuan kita.
2- Urusniaga dengan bank atau peminjam perlulah diambil berat. Banyak kes peminjam bank tidak tahu status susulan walaupun beranggapan telah mencapai rundingan yang baik bersama.
3- Pengurusan pendapatan dan perbelanjaan amat dititikberatkan dalam membina keluarga.
4- Umur 40 Tahun ke atas, kebiasaanya kurang sesuai tiada pekerjaan tetap/bersara awal dan dalam masa yang sama masih ada tanggungan pinjaman jumlah bulanan yang besar serta tanggungan keluarga lebih-lebih lagi anak-anak dalam peringkat umur membesar.
5- Ikhtiar dan berusaha jika mampu dan terdaya, tetapi redha atas ujian dan kembali pada fitrah kehidupan jika gagal. Menerima hakikat adalah lebih mudah untuk meneruskan kehidupan semula dengan lebih baik. 


Auction Winner Gives Up House


PETALING JAYA: When Lee Hui Sen attended an auction of houses that had been recalled by banks, he liked a double-storey house and bid RM445,000 for it. He paid a 10% deposit to the High Court for the double-storey house.

He then went to check out the house. When he saw a family still living there, he could not bring himself to take the house from them.

The Good Samaritan decided to forgo the RM44,500 deposit and hand the house back to the family.

Lee’s lawyer had already sent the letter of vacant possession and a letter asking the earlier owner S, 47, and his wife Nor, 42, to remove the caveat from the house.

S was declared a bankrupt in 2014 after defaulting on his mortgage loan.

In a handwritten letter to S, Lee wrote that he had decided not to continue with the purchase even though he had paid the 10% down-payment.

“I am Lee Hui Sen, the buyer of the auctioned house that you are living in now. I am sorry for buying your house and it might have made you and your family worried.

“The other day, my family and I went to your house and we saw shirts outside the house. We do not have the heart to evict you.

“We will lose the money but it will go into the bank account of your house. We hope this can be of some assistance to you,” Lee wrote.

He also advised S to go to the bank to restructure his loan to avoid having the house put up for auction again.

Lee also provided some feng shui tips, telling S to remove old plants and flowers at the side of the house to make the house brighter and to welcome positive energy.

“Good luck to you and your family,”
Lee wrote.




Nor said she found it hard to believe when she found it in the letterbox.
She showed Muslim Consumers Association of Malaysia (PPIM) chief Datuk Nadzim Johan the letter, who helped to verify with the bank’s lawyers that the letter was genuine.

“This is really unbelievable and a miracle to get a chance to rebuild our lives again,” she said, adding that they received the letter in July.

Nadzim said this was a very good example of a man with a golden heart.
“You have not met this person and yet you can just part with your money to help someone. People are fighting for so many things outside and yet this man can provide assistance to a family for them to start anew.

“We urge Lee to come forward so we can offer our appreciation to him,” he said.
Nor said S has been servicing the house loan for almost 20 years but was not prompt in his payment.

The bank allegedly declared S a bankrupt in July 2014 without his knowledge and at the same time, offered him a reschedulement of RM350,000 for 25 years.

S and Nor were former bank officers before they resigned in 2010 and 2011 respectively to focus on their business in the service sector. But they faced financial difficulties after the business floundered.
I feel the bank really cheated us as they never told us about the bankruptcy and still offered us a reschedulement.

In 2014, we received notice of the first auction. After a meeting with the bank officer, we were told to pay RM40,000 before the auction date. We paid the amount and were arranging with the bank to do a reschedulement.


From there, the matter was prolonged until four auctions,” Nor said, adding that she had written numerous letters to the bank.

Nadzim, to whom the couple had turned for assistance, said he had tried to arrange for a meeting with the bank for the past three months but to no avail.



Monday, December 19

HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV)



The HPV – Human Papilloma Virus is mainly transmitted sexually (ETS), and it affect both women and men. The medical experts claim that this virus is responsible for cervical cancer, penis, mouth and anus cancer. Just take a look at the article bellow and learn how to protect yourself from this dangerous virus. 

As we said, in this articlewe are going to mention the most important fact you need to know about the dangerous virus “HPV” Human Papilloma Virus, which attacks both men and women. 


You need to learn how to prevent it, know the symptoms and, what you should do in case you get it. First, you should know that the human papillomavirus (HPV) is actually a group of viruses that can affect the human skin, and there are over 100 different types of this virus. This is explained in the National Cervical Cancer Coalition of the United States – NCCC. In fact, certain types of HPV cause common warts on the hands and feet. Most types of HPV are harmless, do not cause any symptoms, and go away on their own.

About 40 types of HPV are known as genital HPV as they affect the genital area. Up to 80% of females and males will be infected with at least one type of genital HPV at some time.Genital HPV types may be high-risk types that can cause cervical pre-cancer and cancer, or low-risk types that can cause genital warts and usually benign changes in the cervix. HPV is easily spread through direct skin to skin contact. Anyone who has any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact could get genital HPV. That means it’s possible to get the virus without having intercourse. And, because many people who have HPV may not show any signs or symptoms, they can transmit the virus without even knowing it. A person can be infected with more than one type of HPV. The medical experts claim that many people get their first type of HPV infection within their first few years of becoming sexually active.


TEN FACTS ABOUT HPV YOU SHOULD KNOW SO YOU CAN STAY HEALTHY:
  1. As we said the HPV is easily spread through direct skin to skin contact,penetration is not necessary. Anyone who has any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact could get genital HPV.
  2. Because HPV infection does not usually show any signs or symptoms, you probably won’t know you have it. Most people can therefore get HPV and pass it on without even knowing it. Well, the human body is responsible for fighting this infection with their own immune system. And, because many people who have HPV may not show any signs or symptoms, they can transmit the virus without even knowing it.
  3. Well, most of the HPV types won’t harm your health, but, you should know that the so-called “high risk” can change the cell structure of the cervix and become cervical cancer. For women who don’t clear certain “low-risk” types of the virus, benign (abnormal but non-cancerous) changes in the cervix can develop.
  4. According to the latest statistics, women who are infected with the virus HPV (high-risk), have high chances of developing cervical cancer in the next 10 – 20 years. This is why all women are advised (and women who are no longer sexually active), that they should continue performing their routine gynecologic exams.
  5. For women over 30 years, the National Cervical Cancer Coalition suggests that they should do the Pap smear test. The Pap smear or ‘Pap test’ is a test that can detect abnormal cells in the cervix that may lead to cervical cancer.
  6. You should also know that infections in women older than 30 years are less likely to be cured by the body, in natural way. So, they should visit the gynecologist and get a proper treatment.
  7. According to the National Library of Medicine of the United States (US National Library of Medicine) the cervical cancer is 100 percent preventable, but only if it’s discovered in early stage.
  8. The male condoms help reduce the risk of contact. And the female condoms cover more than the male condoms, however, they just reduce the risk of infection. Neither of these two types of condoms eliminate the risk of infection completely.
  9. The HPV type 16 is associated with some types of head and neck cancer.
  10. According to the latest statistics, almost 30 % of oral carcinomas are HPV-related.


Rujukan

Friday, December 16

MASALAH TANTRUMS DI KALANGAN KANAK-KANAK ADALAH BIASA

Hari ini dijangkakan bank-bank penuh dengan pelanggan yang bergegas ingin menukar kad debit baru mereka apabila dikatakan 18 Disember 2016 tarikh akhir. Serta merta banyak mesin ATM jadi offline. Laman sosial sekarang banyak pakar2 pandai walaupun dinafikan oleh beberapa bank berkenaan status Kad Debit

Ni bukan fenomena kad debit yang aku nak cerita, tapi berkenaan perubahan tingkahlaku manusia. Dan skala kecilnya adalah kanak-kanak di bawah 5 tahun. Cerita berkenaan tantrum dikalangan kanak-kanak dan boleh juga berlaku di awalan sekolah rendah.

Tapi kebanyakan di media sosial, ramai merujuk malah memahami bahawa tantrum berlaku pada kanak-kanak berumur 2- 4 tahun. Pendapat ini tidak boleh dijadikan sebagai rujukan. Nak jadi cerita, ramai pula percaya bulat-bulat pendapat sebegitu.

Tantrum adalah biasa di kalangan kanak-kanak cuma ia menjadi luar biasa apabila melibatkan kanak-kanak hyper aktif atau juga autism.

Seharian mengkaji tantrum ni maka aku rasa edisi Bahasa Inggeris ni lebih bertepatan dan bermanfaat untuk dikongsikan seperti :

- Ignore The Kid
- Give Your Child Some Space
- Create  a Diversion
- Discipline Without Spanking
- Find Out What's Really Frustrating Your Kid
- Hugs
- Offer Food Or Suggest a Little R&R
- Talk it Over Afterward
- Try to Heal Off Tantrum-Triggering Situations
- Remember That You're The Adult
- Don't Lose Your Cool
- Give Your Kid Incentive To Behave
- Let Your Child Know You Love Him
- Speak Calmly
- Get Out Of There




Dari segi bahasa di Wikipedia :

"A tantrum, temper tantrum, meltdown or hissy fit is an emotional outburst, usually associated with children or those in emotional distress, that is typically characterized by stubbornness, crying, screaming, defiance, anger ranting, a resistance to attempts at pacification and, in some cases, hitting. Physical control may be lost; the person may be unable to remain still; and even if the "goal" of the person is met, he or she may not be calmed. A tantrum may be expressed in a tirade: a protracted, angry, or violent speech."


When your kid's in the middle of a tantrum, it can be tough to keep yourself from having your own meltdown, too.
"Meltdowns are terrible, nasty things, but they're a fact of childhood," says Ray Levy, PhD, a Dallas-based clinical psychologist and co-author of Try and Make Me! Simple Strategies That Turn Off the Tantrums and Create Cooperation. "Young kids -- namely those between the ages of 1 and 4 -- haven't developed good coping skills yet. 

They tend to just lose it instead." And what, exactly, sets them off to begin with? Every single tantrum, Levy says, results from one simple thing: not getting what they want. "For children between 1 and 2, tantrums often stem from trying to communicate a need -- more milk, a diaper change, that toy over there -- but not having the language skills to do it," says Levy. "They get frustrated when you don't respond to what they're 'saying' and throw a fit." 

For older toddlers, tantrums are more of a power struggle. "By the time kids are 3 or 4, they have grown more autonomous," Levy adds. "They're keenly aware of their needs and desires -- and want to assert them more. If you don't comply? Tantrum city."


So how can you stop these outbursts? 




1: Ignore the Kid


The reason this works is fascinating: "During a tantrum, your child is literally out of his mind. His emotions take over -- overriding the frontal cortex of the brain, the area that makes decisions and judgments," says Jay Hoecker, MD, a Rochester, Minnesota, pediatrician.

"That's why reasoning doesn't help -- the reasoning part of his brain isn't working." Says Alan Kazdin, PhD, author of The Kazdin Method for Parenting the Defiant Child, "Once you're in a situation where someone's drowning, you can't teach them to swim -- and it's the same with tantrums.

There's nothing to do in the moment that will make things better. In fact, almost anything you try will make it worse. Once he chills out, then you can talk."


2 : Give Your Child Some Space


"Sometimes a kid just needs to get his anger out. So let him!" says Linda Pearson, a nurse practitioner and author of The Discipline Miracle. (Just make sure there's nothing in tantrum's way that could hurt him.)

"I'm a big believer in this approach because it helps children learn how to vent in a nondestructive way. They're able to get their feelings out, pull themselves together, and regain self-control -- without engaging in a yelling match or battle of wills with you." This trick can work on its own or in tandem with the whole ignoring bit.


3 : Create a Diversion


This is all about a deft mental switcheroo -- getting your kid engaged and interested in something else so she forgets about the meltdown she was just having. "My purse is filled with all sorts of distractions, like toys -- ones my kids haven't seen in a while, books, and yummy snacks," says Alisa Fitzgerald, a mom of two from Boxford, Massachusetts.

Whenever a tantrum happens, she busts 'em out, one at a time, until something gets the kids' attention. "I've also found that distraction can help ward off a major meltdown before it happens, if you catch it in time," she adds.

If your kid is about to go off the deep end at the supermarket because you won't buy the super-frosted sugar-bomb cereal, try quickly switching gears and enthusiastically saying something like, "Hey, we need some ice cream. Want to help me pick a flavor?" or "Ooh, check out the lobster tank over there!" Explains Levy: "Children have pretty short attention spans -- which means they're usually easy to divert. And it always helps if you sound really, really psyched when you do it. It gets their mind off the meltdown and on to the next thing that much faster." Fitzgerald agrees: "You have to channel your inner actress and be an entertainer -- one with props!"





4 : Discipline Without Spanking


The next time you feel the urge to spank, take a deep breath instead and consider what you want your child to learn.




5 : Find Out What's Really Frustrating Your Kid


This trick is for tantrums among the under-2-and-a-half set, says Dr. Hoecker. "Children this age usually have a vocabulary of only about 50 words and can't link more than two together at a time. Their communication is limited, yet they have all these thoughts and wishes and needs to be met. When you don't get the message or misunderstand, they freak out to release their frustration." One solution, he says: sign language. Teaching your child how to sign a few key words -- such as more, food, milk, and tired -- can work wonders.

Another approach is to empathize with your kid, which helps take some of the edge off the tantrum, and then play detective. "My 22-month-old throws tantrums that can last up to -- yikes! -- 20 minutes," says Melanie Pelosi, a mom of three from West Windsor, New Jersey. "We've taught her some words in sign language, but if she wants something like a movie, she won't know how to ask for it -- and still freaks out. So I say, 'Show me what you want,' and then I see if she'll point to it. It's not always obvious, but with a little time and practice you begin to communicate better. If she points to her older brother, for example, that usually means that he's snatched something away from her, and I can ask him to give it back. I can't tell you how many awful, drawn-out meltdowns we've avoided this way!"





6 : Hugs


"This may feel like the last thing you want to do when your kid is freaking out, but it really can help her settle down," Levy says. "I'm talking about a big, firm hug, not a supercuddly one. And don't say a word when you do it -- again, you'd just be entering into a futile battle of wills. Hugs make kids feel secure and let them know that you care about them, even if you don't agree with their behavior." Cartwright Holecko, of Neenah, Wisconsin, finds that it helps: "Sometimes I think they just need a safe place to get their emotions out."



7 : Offer Food or Suggest a Little R&R

"Being tired and hungry are the two biggest tantrum triggers," says Levy. Physically, the kid is already on the brink, so it won't take much emotionally to send him over. "Parents often come to me wondering why their child is having daily meltdowns. And it turns out they're happening around the same time each day -- before lunch or naptime and in the early evening. It's no coincidence! My advice: feed them, water them, and let them veg -- whether that means putting them to bed or let


8 : Talk it over afterward.


When the storm subsides, hold your child close and talk about what happened. Using simple language, acknowledge his frustration, and help him put his feelings into words, saying something like, "You were very angry because your food wasn't the way you wanted it," Kopp suggests.

Let him see that once he expresses himself in words, he'll get better results. Say with a smile, "I didn't understand you because you were screaming. Now that you're calm, I can find out what you want." Then give him a hug.




9 : Try to head off tantrum-triggering situations. 


Pay attention to what pushes your child's buttons and plan accordingly.

 Make sure she gets enough rest and carry snacks with you. Temper tantrums are more frequent and intense when kids are tired or hungry.

 Give her a gentle heads up before transitioning from one activity to the next. Letting her know when you're going to leave the playground or sit down to dinner, for example, gives her a chance to adjust instead of react. ("We're going to eat when you and Daddy are done with your story" or "Five more pushes on the swing and we're leaving.")

Offer limited choices. Your child is grappling with independence and new kinds of demands from you, her peers, and her teachers, so let her make choices when possible. No one likes being told what to do all the time. Saying, "Would you like corn or carrots?" rather than "Eat your corn!" gives her a sense of control.

Monitor how often you say no, too. If you find you're rattling it off routinely, you could be putting unnecessary stress on both of you. Ease up and choose your battles. After all, would it really wreck your schedule to spend an extra five minutes at the playground?





10 : Remember that you're the adult. 


No matter how long the tantrum goes on, don't give in to unreasonable demands or negotiate with your screaming child. It's especially tempting in public to cave in as a way of ending the episode.

But conceding only teaches your child that pitching a fit is the way to get what she wants and sets the stage for future behavior problems. What's more, a tantrum is frightening enough for your child without her feeling that you're not in control, either.

If your preschooler's outburst escalates to the point where she's hitting people or pets, throwing things, or screaming nonstop, pick her up and carry her to a safe place, such as her bedroom, where she can't harm herself. Tell her why she's there ("because you hit your sister"), and let her know that you'll stay with her until she calms down. If you're in a public place – a common breeding ground for tantrums – be prepared to leave with your child until she gets a grip.

"My daughter had an absolute fit at a restaurant because the plain spaghetti she ordered arrived with chopped parsley on it," another mother recalls. "Although I realized why she was upset, I wasn't about to let her disrupt everyone's dinner. I took her outside until she calmed down."


11: Don't lose your cool. 



You may be tempted to stomp out of the room, but that can make your child feel abandoned. The storm of emotion he's feeling can be frightening to him, and he needs to know you're nearby. When your child is swept up in a tantrum, he's unable to listen to reason, though he will respond – negatively – to yelling or threatening.

"The more I shouted at Brandon to stop, the wilder he would get," says one mother. What worked instead, she discovered, was to sit down calmly and just be with him while he raged.

Rather than leave your child thrashing on the floor, summon up the strength to avoid yelling and quietly go to him. If he's not flailing too much, pick him up and hold him. Chances are he'll find your embrace comforting and will calm down more quickly. And if he's showing a little bit of anger without getting too out of control, you can always try ignoring him until the storm passes.


12 : Give Your Kid Incentive to Behave




Certain situations are trying for kids. Maybe it's sitting through a long meal at a restaurant. Whatever the hissy hot button, this is the trick: "It's about recognizing when you're asking a lot of your child and offering him a little preemptive bribe," Pearson says. "While you're on your way to the restaurant, for example, tell him, 'Alex, Mommy is asking you to sit and eat your dinner nicely tonight. I really think you can do it!

And if you can behave, then when we get home I'll let you watch a video.'" For the record, Pearson says this kind of bribery is perfectly fine, as long as it's done on your terms and ahead of time -- not under duress in the middle of a tantrum. If your kid starts to lose it at any point, gently remind him about the "treat" you discussed. "It's amazing how this can instantly whip them back into shape," says Pearson.


13 : Let your child know you love him.


Once your child is calm and you've had a chance to talk to him about his tantrum, give him a quick hug and tell him that you love him. It's important to reward good behavior, including your child being able to settle down and talk things over with you.



14 : Speak Calmly

This is a biggie -- and is much easier said than done. But experts insist you must keep your cool during a child's tantrum. "Otherwise, you'll get into a power struggle and make the whole thing escalate. Plus, part of the reason kids resort to tantrums is to get attention," Dr. Hoecker says. 

"They don't care if it's positive or negative attention they're getting. All they care about is that you're giving them 100 percent of it." Levy agrees, and adds: "Talking in a soothing voice shows your child that you're not going to let her behavior get to you. It also helps you stay relaxed -- when what you really want to do is yell right back. In fact, the calm tone is as much for the parent as the child! If you're tense, your kid will pick up on it, and it's going to amp her up even more."



15 :  Get Out Of There






Getting kids away from the scene of the tantrum can snap them out of it. "It's also a great strategy when you're out and about," says Levy. "If your child starts melting down over a toy or candy bar he wants, pick him up and take him either to a different area of the store or outside until he calms down. Changing the venue really can change the behavior."





RUJUKAN



AAP. 2015. Top tips for surviving temper tantrums. American Academy of Pediatrics. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/family-life/family-dynamics/communication-discipline/Pages/Temper-Tantrums.aspx [Accessed May 2016]

JHM. Undated. Johns Hopkins Medicine. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/pediatrics/temper_tantrums_90,P02295/ [Accessed May 2016]



 


Friday, December 9

KISAH MAKAN-MAKAN DI PENYET EXPRESS IOI PUTRAJAYA

Hari-hari manusia memang kena makan dan minum sekadarnya.

Jadi aku sebagai kategori manusia, kenalah makan dan minum juga.
Tambahan pula sebagai muslim kena beri makanan pada roh dan jasad kita dengan makan dan minuman yang baik dan halal.

Ni cerita tentang makan. Hari ini tiada cerita tentang kereta dan hospital.

Tak hujan, tak ribut, tetiba menu naik RM1.00
Kat mana logiknya pun aku tak tahu sedangkan mak bapak dan sedara ayam pun tak tahu harga sekilogram mereka dinaikkan tahun ni.


Tengok menu dulu dan menu sekarang.

Ni nak cerita kes makan tengahari di Penyet Ekpress IOI Putrajaya semalam. Dulu kan ada pakej makan tengahari siap air Ais Lemon Tea, pastu terus ghaib Ais Lemon Tea.

Tetiba menu bertambah cantik...dan akhirnya automatik berubah angka RM tu.

Nak dijadikan cerita;

1-  Aku order Ayam Penyet dengan harga baru ni dan Ais Lemon Tea
2 - Kawan pula order Sup Rawan , Nasi Putih dan Ais Lemon Tea

Tunggu punya tunggu, Sup Rawan pun ditakdirkan tiada selepas 15 minit menunggu. "hari ini kami saja2 tidak jual menu sup encik",  gitulah kata waitress tu dengan muka selamba dan akur kawanku batalkan sahaja tempahan.

Waitress ni lah juga yang tadi letak Ais Lemon Tea pun berdentum meja tu dan dia blah begitu sahaja.
Kesudahannya, aku makan sorang2, dagingnya kering dan keras, air pun tawar semacam je.

Masa bayar pun sadis juga, dah cakap1 tempahan batal pun dia nak cakap "Nasi putih tu ada order kan".

Aku pun cakap "nak makan nasi putih tu dengan apa.............."

Hah tu jelah pantun aku, sebab aku pun terpaksa lupakan hari sedih itu dengan cemerlangnya. Kalau aku ingat je, mungkin 3-4 Hari aku akan kekal lapar.

Pandai-pandailah korang sambung ....



 



Thursday, December 8

TITISAN STEROID : WIRA ATAU PUAKA ? - DR ANIS FARHAD

“Ahhh! Leganya!” bisik hatiku tiap kali cecair steroid itu membasahi mataku.

Mataku kerap kemerah-merahan. Mataku perit kegatalan. Di kala derita, botol steroid ku anggap wira. Botol steroid pembasmi sengsara.

“Buat apa nak pergi jumpa pakar. Buat habis duit je,” ujar Ali, kawan rapatku. “Kau beli je ubat titis ni. Aku pergi klinik biasa waktu mata aku merah dulu. Doktor tu bagi aku guna ubat ni,” kata Ali sambil memberiku sebiji botol kecil yang besarnya tidak lebih dari ibu jariku. “Kau beli saja di farmasi,” katanya bersungguh.


Benar katanya. Titisan pertama air mata ajaib itu melepaskan aku dari sengsara kegatalan yang teramat perit. Mulai dari situ, setiap kali habisnya ubat ajaib itu, aku bergegas membelinya lagi.

“Ali, urat mata awak dah hampir mati”. Aku terkejut dari lamunanku. Kata-kata doktor pakar mata itu terngiang-ngiang di benakku. “Ubat steroid yang awak guna ini ‘memakan’ saraf mata awak. Ianya menjadi terlampau nipis. Urat mata awak sudah hampir mati,” ulang doktor dengan nada yang simpati.

Semakin hari, pandanganku semakin suram. Duniaku kini gelap gelita. Aku telahpun menjadi buta. Steroid. Dahulunya wira, kini menjadi puaka.

Apakah itu steroid?


Steroid adalah sejenis ubat yang digunakan untuk mengurangkan radang.

Bolehkah steroid menyebabkan kebutaan?

Ya! Antara komplikasi steroid yang menjejaskan penglihatan adalah:

Glaukoma

Glaukoma adalah sejenis penyakit mata yang menyebabkan urat mata menjadi terhakis. Penggunaan steroid yang tidak terkawal boleh membuat tekanan mata meningkat. Ini mengakibatkan kematian urat saraf mata yang lama kelamaan boleh menyebabkan kebutaan.

Katarak

Penggunaan steroid tanpa pemantauan boleh menyebabkan kanta mata yang asalnya lutsinar, menjadi kelam. Keadaan ini dinamakan katarak, atau lebih dikenali masyarakat sebagai selaput mata.

Jangkitan
Penggunaan steroid yang berpanjangan tanpa pemantauan boleh miningkatkan risiko jangkitan kuman di mata.






Ubat steroid biasanya mengandungi dexamethasone, prednisolone acetate, betamethasone atau fluoromethalone.

 Jadi adakah steroid perlu dihindari?

Tidak! Steroid mempunyai pelbagai kegunaan untuk mengatasi pelbagai penyakit mata. Steroid itu tidak berdosa. Yang menjadi masalah adalah apabila steroid diberi sewenang-wenangnya, tanpa pemantauan tindakbalasnya yang boleh menyebabkan kebutaan. Hanya seorang pakar mata sahaja yang dapat memantau penggunaan steroid yang berpanjangan. Peralatan untuk pemantauan tersebut biasanya tidak didapati di farmasi, mahupun di poliklinik.

Kesimpulannya, pastikan anda merujuk pakar mata sebelum rawatan steroid diberikan untuk sebarang penyakit mata. Anda juga dinasihatkan supaya tidak meneruskan penggunaan ubat titis steroid tersebut tanpa arahan dan pemantauan pakar yang merawat. Jangan kerana mudah, mata menerima padah.

Dr. Anis Farhad ialah seorang pakar optalmologi yang kini berkhidmat di Sabah. Dia percaya yang orang ramai perlu diberi kesedaran tentang penjagaan mata yang betul


Tuesday, November 22

ASAS PENDAWAIAN ELEKTRIK PERMUKAAN FASA TUNGGAL

 MAKLUMAT INI AKU DAPATKAN DARI PROJEK PELAJAR KOS ELEKTRIK. AKU DAH LUPA  SUMBER ASALNYA SEBAB TERLALU LAMA SIMPAN. DOAKAN PEMILIK PROJEK INI DIRAHMATI ALLAH ATAS PERKONGSIAN ILMUNYA.

Aku perlu upload maklumat sebegini sebab ia adalah asas pendawaian rumah yang biasanya jenis Fasa Tunggal. Jenis-jenis kategori wayar ni amat penting bersesuaian dengan jenis litar dan jenis ampere. Moga bermanfaat pada yang mula berjinak mempelajari pendawaian asas termasuk aku.




DIABETIS DAN MAKLUMAT KESELAMATAN UBAT TERKINI



Friday, November 18

CERITA KAD DEBIT VISA WAVE

Semalam aku bercuti sehari, sambil servis kereta (aku dah malas nak servis kereta), sambil menunggu tu, aku pun teringatlah kisah Kad Debit ni. Kalau tak ganti sebelum 31 DISEMBER 2016, bermula 1 JANUARI 2017, kita akan dikenakan caj penggantian kad debit yang ada fungsi VISA Wave ni.



Aku ada beberapa kad menggunakan fasiliti Kad Debit dari Bank CIMB, Bank Kerjasama Rakyat dan Bank Maybank.

Ganti Kad Debit di  CIMB bolehlah dikatakan lawak dan lama juga. Semasa aku masuk Dalam CIMB Putrajaya ni, adalah 1 kaunter pertanyaan ke kaunter busy body ke lebih kurang gitulah. Ada 3 orang perempuan sibuk tanya kita, sibuk bagi nombor, sibuk bagi borang.. 3 orang ya berdiri di situ untuk kerja2 mudah ni.  

Walau ada 3 orang, tapi kena beratur 1 baris juga. Lepas tu nak minta IC suruh kita isi borang sendiri (sambil tunjuk meja menulis jauh juga)..  Aku pun tanyalah untuk apa, mana boleh sesuka hati ambil Kad Pengenalan dan hold.. Dia cakap nak check chip. Ok buat lah sekarang depan mata....Boleh pula kan dalam 5 saat.


Tengok tu nombor aku 57 kertas special lagi.. Punyalah lama dekat sejam lebih untuk SEKADAR ambil Kad Debit Baru sahaja. Mungkin CIMB ni lupa kita ni pelanggan, tapi cara melayan orang macamlah kita ni mengemis duit BRIM poket company dia. Maklumlah sesama Melayu.

Lain pula kes Kad Debit Maybank, aku ke Maybank Putrajaya semasa bank menunggu buka pintu Jam 0930AM tapi lewat juga 10-15minit gitu. Maybank ni siap dalam 20 minit je, sambil tu korang boleh tukar Kad Debit baru secara online di Maybank2u - masih percuma sekarang.

Bila masuk, seperti biasa ke kaunter depan dulu, pastu dia cakap ke kaunter nombor berapa aku dah tak ingatlah, Ok bagi Kad Pengenalan dulu. Sebab orang tak ramai, aku pun beranilah bagi Kad Pengenalan. Aku nombor pertamalah duduk di kerusi tu tau.

Pastu bagilah nombor kat kerani Maybank tu.

Dia boleh cakap sabar duduk dulu kerusi sana sebab nombor belum panggil. "Tak sabar-sabar" - macam tulah bunyinya.. Aku pun tengok jam tangan sambil membalas pantunnya "dah bank buka lewat 20 minit pun tak siap2 lagi.."

Tapi kira tak terabur macam CIMB lah, kerusi cukup, kaunter pun tak simpang-siur. Kalau CIMB Putrjaya tu korang berdiri mana sekalipun, dia automatik expose semua ruang boleh nampak.


Ok, ni Bank Kerjasama Rakyat. Dengan bernamakan Rakyat, semalam, aku pun berjalan kaki dari Perodua Ke Bank Kerjasama Rakyat di Presint 15 tu.

Dengan badan berpeluh-peluh, sampai je kerani dan guard tu cakap 

"Bank Kerjasama Rakyat belum ada Kad Debit Visa Wave lagi tapi akan ada cuma tak tahu bila dan kami tahu 31 Disember 2016 hari terakhir tukar kad". - Sengaja aku sambung jawapan ni sebab banyak juga aku tanya..


Mungkin dia lupa 31 Disember 2016 tu hari Sabtu, atau memang lupa tu biasa-biasa, atau dia lupa ke dah tinggal sebulan lebih je sebelum Tahun Baru.

Bila dengar je ayat orang Bank Kerjasama Rakyat ni, aku pun macam lost dan mamai kena histeria kuda kepang -   terlupa aku ada tinggalkan kereta untuk diservis di Perodua, terlupa sarapan dll.

Jadi aku buka pintu utama dan balik berjalan kaki semula dan dalam hati kena pura-pura aku tak datang ke Bank Kerjasama Rakyat pada 17 November 2016.

InsyaAllah, boleh tutup kad debit lepas ni






Tuesday, November 1

HARGA MINYAK PETROL DAN MINYAK MASAK NAIKLAH...


Alhamdullilah.....Syukur kepada Allah dengan izinNya KERANA....

Dapat aku menghirup udara segar pagi ini disamping berpeluang melihat kenaikan harga minyak petrol (kereta aku pakai petrol RON95, jadi aku abaikan kenaikan minyak Diesel dan RON97).

Kalau tengok purata dalam 3 Bulan dari OGOS-OKTOBER, anggaran harga minyak adalah RM1.75 per liter.

Ni jadual rekod pembelian minyak petrol kereta aku dalam setiap bulan :



Jadi, dah sah kenaikan November 2016 adalah sebanyak RM0.15 per liter.

Ni kiraan aku, kalau salah tu perbetulkan ya.

Bila anggarkan 3 bulan terakhir perbelanjaan minyak aku adalah RM232.62 + RM212.52 + RM166.67 = RM611.81 / 3 bulan, secara purata aku membayar petrol RM203.94  dalam sebulan.

(Dengan nilai RM203.94 ni, aku boleh dapat dalam OKTOBER = 113.3 Liter, NOVEMBER =104.58 liter)

Jadi ikut purata harga minyak dalam 3 bulan terakhir adalah RM1.75 seliter, maka purata kegunaan minyak petrol aku ialah RM203.94 / RM1.75 bersamaan dalam +/- 116.54 liter petrol aku perlukan  dalam sebulan.

Kenapa aku ambil nilai purata, sebab purata 3 bulan terakhir adalah hampir menyamai tabiat kita. Macam tu juga TNB buat prorate jika nak anggar bil lebih 30 hari.

Tu jumlah kasar keperluan minyak kereta aku termasuk 1 kali setiap bulan balik kampung dalam jarak 450KM pergi dan balik.

Berapakah impak tambahan Ringgit Malaysia dalam sebulan?

RM0.15 / RM1.80 =  8.3% kenaikan julat RM.

Jadi jika 116.54 liter petrol sebulan, maka pada November, 116.54 liter X RM1.95 = RM227.25 (Kenaikan RM23.31 dari Oktober 2016)

Jadi aku kena lebihkan bajet RM16.00 - RM25.00 dalam sebulan untuk minyak petrol RON95 sahaja oit. Tu tak termasuk lagi jumlah hari dalam sebulan, cuti umum, tahun lompat lah, cuti sekolah, banjir... malas nak cerita da.

Ini belum lagi kenaikan minyak masak yang ditarik subsidi katanya.  InsyaAllah sebulan keluarga aku masih pakai maksimum 2KG minyak masak sahaja. Berapa RM yang naik???.....Rasanya RM2.00 - RM4.00 jugalah nanti aku update semula okay.






Friday, October 14

WARUNG DIPLOMATIK PRESINT 15, PUTRAJAYA


Minat Nasi Kerabu?, Minat Nasi Berlauk?

Selain harga menarik dan murah, rasanya juga sedap dan sentiasa hangat.

Di mana tu? Sudah tentunya di Presint 15,  Putrajaya.

Ok, kedai ini dulu sebelum ini digunakan sebagai kedai makanan juga - menjual nasi beriani daging hitam, Nasi Minyak dan macam-macam juga. Dulu pun aku pernah merasanya dan boleh tahan juga sedap. Nama restoren tersebut adalah Nasi Minyak House

Kali ini, penggemar makanan nasi campur bolehlah singgah kedai WARUNG DIPLOMATIK ni. Rasanya dalam setahun juga beroperasi. Ruangan kedai di depan disediakan meja/kerusi manakala ruangan belakang disediakan meja sahaja untuk makan secara bersila.


Harga memang terbaik lah murah-murah dan banyak pula tu. Kira tak berkiralah tokey kedai ni bila membungkus tu. Ni aku bungkus sarapan pagi pun dalam RM4.50 macam ni punya banyak.


Makanan  yang aku gemar ialah Nasi Berlauk Jenerih. Tapi aku selalu cakap Nasi Berlauk je.  Nasi Kerabu Pagi pun boleh tahan banyak rempah dan rencahnya, di Kuala Rompin Pahang pun dah RM6.00 tapi di sini dijual RM4.50 sahaja. 

Kalau malam, saiz hidangan ayam lain sedikit dan harganya RM6.00 samada di bungkus atau makan di kedai.

Jangan terperanjat kalau aku kata, aku makan sarapan di Kedai Pasar Batu Pahat - opposite Pasar Karat tu kena caj RM0.50 jika makanan dibungkus!!!

Nak minum kelapa muda 1 baldi RM4.00 dan Coconut Shake RM3.00. Ni patut dapat contoh kedai harga patut. Sederet Warung Diplomatik ni ada Kedai Ramly, macam-macam daging, karipap, kambing ada dijual. Murah juga lah.

Warung Diplomatik ni suasananya sesuai datang berkeluarga dan melepak-lepak selain kemudahan parkir banyak.

Tanpa was-was  (perasaan was-was ni selalu hadir kalau aku makan di kedai mamak), aku bagi banyak-banyak bintang juga lah Warung Diplomatik ni.







Thursday, October 13

BLOG - AKU HIV POSITIF

Buat pengunjung blog yang masih berlum mengenali pemilik blog tersebut, aku kongsikan bersama. Jika ingin mencari ilmu pengetahuan, rajin-rajinlah membaca entri blog ini.

"Kepada yang masih belum maklum, Encik Mohamad bin Wahid atau AHP atau AHP Pie atau Pie telah kembali menemui penciptanya pada 27 Mei 2015, 11.30 malam di Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan akibat liver cirrhosis which led to liver failure (kegagalan hati)."

Rujuk Entri ini

Berkenaan soalan ujian Viral Load dan CD4, ini ringkasan jadual berkenaan. Jika aku tersalah, harap dapat diperbetulkan.

KIRAAN CD4
> 500-1200
Manusia Normal kiraan CD4 adalah dalam range ini
>= 350
Biasanya pemberian ubat HAART akan diberi jika perlu
< 350
Pemberian ubat HAART dicadangkan
< 250
Risiko infeksi amat tinggi, HAART perlu diambil berjadual
VIRAL LOAD HIV
100,000 -1 juta
Virus di dalam darah amat tinggi
< 100,000
Kandungan virus sederhana rendah
< 50
Tidak dikesan kiraan virus walaupun HIV positif

Monday, October 10

KEWAJIPAN ANAK-ANAK KEPADA IBU BAPA


Hari ini aku nak nukilkan sedikit tentang kedudukan ibu dan bapa, walau asas, aku pun nak baca juga satu hari nanti. Maklumlah manusia kan sentiasa (suka) lupa.
Diriwayatkan daripada Bukhari dan Muslim, Ibnu Umar berkata: “Saya telah bertanya kepada Nabi Muhammad SAW: “Apakah perbuatan disukai oleh Allah?” 
Lalu Baginda bersabda: 

Sembahyang pada waktunya.” Kemudian apa?” tanya saya lagi. Baginda menjawab: 
Berbakti kepada kedua ibu bapa.” Saya bertanya: “Apa lagi.” Jawab Baginda: 
Berjihad pada jalan Allah.” 

Jadi Berjihad tu kurang implikasi berbanding keutamaan ibu bapa. Tapiii... aku pun sembahyang selalu kelewatan. Solat ni kena budayakan displin dan walau ringan tetapi paling berat dilaksanakan huhu. Solat ni memang kena ikhlas. Orang yang rutinnya memperbaiki solat ada dikaji di dalam Sains. Dari segi kesihatan, kolestrol pun direndahkan di dalam darah.

Sabda Rasulullah bermaksud: “Dua kejahatan yang disegerakan balasan di dunia ialah zina dan menderhaka kepada kedua-dua ibu bapa.” (Hadis riwayat at-Tirmizi).

Firman Allah bermaksud: “Tuhanmu telah memerintahkan, supaya kamu tidak menyembah selain Allah, dan hendaklah berbuat santun terhadap kedua-dua orang tua. Jika salah seorang telah lanjut usianya atau kedua-duanya telah tua, janganlah sekali-kali engkau berani berkata ‘cis’ terhadap mereka dan janganlah engkau suka menggertak mereka. Tetapi, berkatalah dengan sopan santun dan lemah lembut.” (Surah al-Israk, ayat 23).



Sabda Rasulullah bermaksud: “Apabila meninggal seseorang itu, maka terputuslah segala amalannya, melainkan tiga perkara iaitu sedekah jariah yang berterusan memberi manfaat, ilmu yang memberi kebaikan diajarkan kepada orang lain dan anak yang soleh yang sentiasa mendoakan kebaikan kepada kedua ibu bapanya.” (Hadis riwayat Muslim).

Berkahwin bukan sekadar lafaz ijab dan qabul sahaja, keturunan tu paling berat dijaga, pendidikan, kesihatan makan minum. Kalau kudrat mampu beli susu anak yang biasa2 sahaja, tetapi isteri nak susu mahal, tu dah hukum lain kecuali amat bekeperluan pada anak untuk bergantung pada susu tersebut. Kahwin ni wajib. Kalau belum ada jodoh, amalkan doa ini.

Menyediakan tempat kediaman juga perlu, insyaAllah, untuk isteri ada, untuk anak pun ada walau bukan sebuah rumah setiap seorang anak, akan kusediakan juga. 

Masa tu kalau aku dah tiada, anak-anak nak jual, insyaAllah adalah harga markup sikit hihi. Hukum dunia ni begitulah, fikirkan sekadar limit kita je.  Takkan lah nak fikir jangan beli rumah, nanti meninggal pun tinggal harta juga, bini kahwin lain, tu urusan buku lain okey.

"Bersyukurlah kepada Aku dan kedua ibu bapa kamu"
(Surah Luqman ayat 14)

Cuba didik anak-anak dengan kisah-kisah nabi seperti entri ni.

Semoga memiliki harta yang terbaik dunia dan akhirat. Aminn.

Thursday, October 6

SEPETANG MENJAMU SELERA DI KEDAI DAPUR PENYET



Salam hari Khamis 06 October 2016, maaf juga pada komen-komen yang tak sempat aku jawab sebab aku terlalu banyak kerja di pejabat. 

Banyak kerja tu tak la juga tapi kerja tu susah nak trobleshoot. Hari-hari aku buat kerja tu je lah. 

Dan tambah kesuntukan masa, balik rumah pun aku tak sempat sambung kerja sebab sibuk dengan anak lelaki pula maklumlah umur tengah kuat bermain dan kurang tidur.

Jadi ceritanya, aku akan kemaskini secepat mungkin dan kerja lebih masa baik kerja di pejabat, di rumah mahupun blog ini.

Semalam, balik kerja aku singgah makan di kedai makan Dapur Penyet berdepan dengan Mydin Presint 15 ni.


Masuk sahaja kedai makan ni, aku duduk la, dan staf di kaunter pun panggil aku ke kaunter sebab kena ambil tempahan di kaunter sahaja.

Sambil menunjuk kertas menu berwarna - "Yang ni menu ala carte, yang ni menu siap air free". Gitulah cakap staf tu. Jadi aku ambil la menu ikan lele (keli) siap air tu berharga RM8.90.

Daripada harga RM8.90 tetiba  jadi RM11 lebih.  Aku ingat RM10.00 tu masih berbaki.

Aku pun tanyalah kenapa jadi ++ tu. Jawab staf tu pun tak munasabah, "Nanti saya tanya bos saya harga tu, tapi encik kena bayar dululah".

Aku pun pelik kenapa aku kena tanggung bahagian RM  yang tak jelas tu? Boleh pula staf tu cakap nanti dia tanya bos lagi. Bila tanya mana bos, dia cakap  kena bayar dulu sebab dah set dalam mesin kaunter jadi begitu.

Ok lah sebab dah jadi RM11 lebih, aku cakap baik tukar ikan keli kepada Ayam Barokah ni pun RM11.90 lebih kurang harga macam harga ikan lele tadi.

Tekan-tekan mesin cashier  dari RM11.90 jadilah juga RM13.25, lagilah aku pening dari mana lebihan RM tu, itu pun tak mampu dia cakap dari mana. Aku tanya ada resit?, dia cakap ada terus aku order dan bayar je lah. 

Ni rupanya resitnya diasingkan caj GST dan Caj Servis 5%, memang patutlah.

Kedai ni punya menu harga asing-asing lepas tu tak maklum DIKENAKAN CAJ PERKHIDMATAN 5%. Maksudnya caj tersembunyilah ni. 

Nak kata servis pelanggan, mana adanya, sebab aku yang kena ke kaunter order2 dan bayar di situ. Cuma makanan dihantar sahaja ke meja, kalau panggil ke dapur pun aku boleh pergi ambil makanan tu kan.

Bab makanan dan minuman pula, aku bagi 4 bintang dari 10 bintang. Dulu aku pernah makan sate di sini tapi pelik jugalah.
Sepanjang aku ke Mc Donalds, Burger Kings, The Chicken Rice Shop, menu2 pakej siap print tu dah termasuk kos GST dan caj servis.

GST ni bukan dikenakan pada harga menu kita je, ia dikenakan SELEPAS ditambah caj perkhidmatan 5%.

Tengok tu di menu The Chicken Rice Shop - menu Savers Good Lunch berharga RM10.50 (Harga TERMASUK Caj GST 6% dan Caj Servis 5%). Tak pening2 kan.

TAPI SEBULAN LEPAS HARGA SET INI RM10.00. Cuma TCRS ni buat menu dan banting harga baru, dia tak edit tampal harga baru macam kedai-kedai lain.
 


Kalau nak lebih sedap Nasi Ayam Penyet ni baik korang ke Medan Selera Alamanda sebelah Restaurant Black Canyon, lagi garing, lagi sedap, sambal sedap dan lagi murah dengan tiada Caj servis dan Caj GST. 

Harga Nasi Ayam Penyet RM11.90 tu tiada caj2 lain. Korang boleh order sepinggan nasi lagi RM1.80 untuk kongsi makan berdua sebab ayamnya besar dan lagi kawasan ni berhawa dingin cuma menu tu tiada bersama air minuman. Oklah, tekan loceng bila pesanan dah siap.

Mungkin esok atau lusa harga tetap naik, turun harga tu confirm tak mungkin, yang pasti, aku takkan datang lagi.

Aku bukan nak berkira, tapi aku lebih suka mengelakkan benda2 yang memeningkan kepala.








Tuesday, September 20

BUKU-BUKU TERPILIH DITAWARKAN SEHINGGA 50% POTONGAN DISKAUN


Koleksi Buku-Buku Terpilih yang ditawarkan sehingga 50%. 
Bukan sedikit tapi sungguh-sungguh Bookcafe menawarkan 50% diskaun!!. 

Masa promosi inilah mari kita membeli buku pilihan macam ni. Simpan resit untuk pengecualian cukai. Klik sini ---->  50% Buku Terpilih

Tuesday, August 23

DON'T GET SCAMMED



Thursday, August 4

BUAT PEMERIKSAAN JANTUNG SEAWAL 35 TAHUN

 BENI ISMAN

KUALA LUMPUR 3 Ogos - Rakyat di negara ini dilihat kurang prihatin terhadap kepentingan menjaga pemakanan sehingga menyebabkan mereka berpotensi menghidap penyakit jantung. 
Pakar Jantung, Institut Jantung Negara (IJN), Dr. Beni Isman Rusani berkata, kebanyakan individu tidak menyedari mereka menghidap penyakit jantung memandangkan ia merupakan pembunuh senyap atau ‘silent killer’.

“Sebenarnya, orang ramai perlu menjalankan pemeriksaan jantung seawal usia 35 tahun untuk mengenal pasti keadaan dan kesihatan jantung mereka dan menjalani ujian tekanan iaitu ‘exercise stress test’.

“Ramai menganggap amalan gaya hidup sihat merupakan sesuatu yang klise tetapi itulah yang perlu dititikberatkan terutama melibatkan aspek pemakanan dan penjagaan kesihatan,” katanya ketika dihubungi Utusan Malaysia di sini hari ini.

Beliau mengulas kenyataan Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif IJN, Datuk Dr. Azhari Yakub bahawa sebanyak 25 peratus atau kira-kira lapan juta rakyat Malaysia terdedah risiko mendapat penyakit jantung dengan peningkatan lima peratus setiap tahun selain menjadi penyebab utama kematian dalam kalangan wanita.

Menurut Azhari, secara umumnya, insiden di Malaysia adalah lebih tinggi berbanding negara-negara maju dengan umur purata kira-kira 10 tahun lebih muda dari negara-negara tersebut.

Sementara itu, Beni Isman berkata, kaedah senaman ringan dan sederhana boleh dilakukan untuk menggalakkan jantung bergerak aktif dan darah dapat dipam dengan lancar ke tubuh badan.

“Biasanya penyakit jantung utama yang dihidapi pesakit adalah salur darah tersumbat, oleh itu amat penting untuk kita melakukan senaman secara rutin selama 150 minit seminggu.

“Aktiviti senaman boleh dilakukan sebanyak tiga hingga lima kali seminggu dengan 30 minit setiap sesi. Selain itu, berhenti merokok dan ambil pemakanan yang kurang kalori serta berminyak,” jelasnya. - UTUSAN ONLINE


Thursday, July 28

KES DIFTERIA KE-24 SEHINGGA 21 JULAI 2016


Apakah itu Difteria?. Boleh rujuk entri ini untuk memahami lebih lanjut

Difteria adalah penyakit yang disebabkan oleh bakteria Corynebacterium diphteriae. Ia tersebar melalui titisan cecair pernafasan. Bakteria ini menjangkiti tekak (tonsil dan farinks) dan menghasilkan toksin yang menyebabkan keradangan di sekitar tekak dan bengkak leher yang boleh menyebabkan pesakit sukar bernafas.

Dengan kata lain difteria adalah penyakit saluran pernafasan yang menyerang bahagian atas mukosa saluran pernafasan dan kulit yang terluka. Beberapa perkara berkenaan bakteria tersebut perlu ibu bapa ketahui untuk mengelakkan ia daripada menjangkiti si kecil.

 
   * Sakit tekak berpanjangan.

   * Demam secara tiba-tiba.

   * Tumbuhan membran kelabu meliputi tonsil serta bahagian saluran pernafasan serta kelihatan seperti beguk di leher


Sehingga 21 Julai 2016, sebanyak 24 Kes Difteria dilaporkan di Malaysia dengan 5 kes kematian. apa yang mengejutkan adalah 9 kes terbaru (18-21 Julai 2016), sejumlah 6 orang pesakit mempunyai sejarah menerima Vaksin DTP penuh. Mari kita rujuk laporan oleh Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan Malaysia (Kenyataan Akhbar) seperti berikut.



Kes Difteria ini bukan baru kerana telah wujud sejak tahun 1800 an melibatkan rakyat dan golongan bangsawan. Pada 1920an, ratusan ribu dijangkitan dengan belasan ribu meninggal dunia di Amerika.

Rawatan pertama dalam sejarah dipelopori oleh doktor U.S. Joseph O'Dwyer (1841–1898). O'Dwyer membangunkan tiub yang dimasukkan ke dalam leher, dan menghalang mangsa dari tercekik akibat sarung selaput yang tumbuh pada dan menutupi saluran udara.

Vaksin digunakan pada 1913-1924 dan keberkesanannya mampu mengurangkan kematian akibat Difteria.

PELAWAT