Tuesday, June 13


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Ginkgo is a large tree with fan-shaped leaves. Although Ginkgo is native parts of Asia, including China, Japan, and Korea, it has been grown in Europe since around 1730 and in the United States since around 1784.

Ginkgo leaf is often taken by mouth for memory disorders including Alzheimer's disease. It is also used for conditions that seem to be due to reduced blood flow in the brain, especially in older people. These conditions include memory loss, headache, ringing in the ears, vertigo, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, mood disturbances, and hearing disorders. 

Some people use it for other problems related to poor blood flow in the body, including leg pain when walking (claudication), and Raynaud's syndrome (a painful response to cold, especially in the fingers and toes).

Ginkgo leaf is also used for thinking disorders related to Lyme disease, chemotherapy, and depression.

Some people use ginkgo to treat sexual performance problems. It is sometimes used to reverse the sexual performance problems that can accompany taking certain antidepressants called SSRIs.

Ginkgo been used for eye problems including glaucoma, diabetic eye disease, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), as well as attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, heart disease and heart complications, high cholesterol, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and bloody diarrhea. Ginkgo leaf is also taken by mouth for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), schizophrenia, and to prevent winter depression, preventing mountain sickness and aging, controlling stomach acid, improving liver and gallbladder function, and controlling blood pressure. It is also taken by mouth to treat asthma, allergies, bronchitis, and for disorders of the central nervous system.

The list of other uses of ginkgo is very long. This may be because this herb has been around for so long. Ginkgo biloba is one of the longest living tree species in the world. Ginkgo trees can live as long as a thousand years. Using ginkgo for asthma and bronchitis was described in 2600 BC.

In manufacturing, ginkgo leaf extract is used in cosmetics. In foods, roasted ginkgo seed, which has the pulp removed, is an edible delicacy in Japan and China. 

How does it work?
Ginkgo seems to improve blood circulation, which might help the brain, eyes, ears, and legs function better. It may slow down Alzheimer's disease by interfering with changes in the brain that interfere with thinking.

Ginkgo seeds contain substances that might kill the bacteria and fungi that cause infections in the body. The seeds also contain a toxin that can cause side effects like seizure and loss of consciousness.

Understanding Tinnitus -- the Basics

What Is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus (pronounced ti-ni-tis), or ringing in the ears, is the sensation of hearing ringing, buzzing, hissing, chirping, whistling, or other sounds. The noise can be intermittent or continuous, and can vary in loudness. It is often worse when background noise is low, so you may be most aware of it at night when you're trying to fall asleep in a quiet room. In rare cases, the sound beats in sync with your heart (pulsatile tinnitus).

Tinnitus is very common, affecting an estimated 50 million adults in the U.S. For most people, the condition is merely an annoyance. In severe cases, however, tinnitus can cause people to have difficulty concentrating and sleeping. It may eventually interfere with work and personal relationships, resulting in psychological distress.

Although tinnitus is often associated with hearing loss, it does not cause the loss, nor does a hearing loss cause tinnitus. In fact, some people with tinnitus experience no difficulty hearing, and in a few cases they even become so acutely sensitive to sound (hyperacusis) that they must take steps to muffle or mask external noises.

Some instances of tinnitus are caused by infections or blockages in the ear, and the tinnitus can disappear once the underlying cause is treated. Frequently, however, tinnitus continues after the underlying condition is treated. In such a case, other therapies -- both conventional and alternative -- may bring significant relief by either decreasing or covering up the unwanted sound.

What Causes Tinnitus?

Prolonged exposure to loud sounds is the most common cause of tinnitus. Up to 90% of people with tinnitus have some level of noise-induced hearing loss. The noise causes permanent damage to the sound-sensitive cells of the cochlea, a spiral-shaped organ in the inner ear. Carpenters, pilots, rock musicians, street-repair workers, and landscapers are among those whose jobs put them at risk, as are people who work with chain saws, guns, or other loud devices or who repeatedly listen to loud music. A single exposure to a sudden extremely loud noise can also cause tinnitus.

A variety of other conditions and illnesses can lead to tinnitus, including:

  • Blockages of the ear due to a buildup of wax, an ear infection, or rarely, a benign tumor of the nerve that allows us to hear (auditory nerve)
  • Certain drugs -- most notably aspirin, several types of antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, sedatives, and antidepressants, as well as quinine medications; tinnitus is cited as a potential side effect for about 200 prescription and nonprescription drugs.
  • The natural aging process, which can cause deterioration of the cochlea or other parts of the ear
  • Meniere's disease, which affects the inner part of the ear
  • Otosclerosis, a disease that results in stiffening of the small bones in the middle ear
  • Other medical conditions such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, circulatory problems, anemia, allergies, an underactive thyroid gland, autoimmune disease, and diabetes
  • Neck or jaw problems, such as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome
  • Injuries to the head and neck
  • Tinnitus can worsen in some people if they drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, drink caffeinated beverages, or eat certain foods. For reasons not yet entirely clear to researchers, stress and fatigue seem to worsen tinnitus.


Vertigo is a sensation of feeling off balance. If you have these dizzy spells, you might feel like you are spinning or that the world around you is spinning.

Causes of Vertigo

Vertigo is often caused by an inner ear problem. Some of the most common causes include:

BPPV. These initials stand for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. BPPV occurs when tiny calcium particles (canaliths) clump up in canals of the inner ear. The inner ear sends signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity. It helps you keep your balance.

BPPV can occur for no known reason and may be associated with age.

Meniere's disease. This is an inner ear disorder thought to be caused by a buildup of fluid and changing pressure in the ear. It can cause episodes of vertigo along with ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss.

Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis. This is an inner ear problem usually related to infection (usually viral). The infection causes inflammation in the inner ear around nerves that are important for helping the body sense balance

Less often vertigo may be associated with:

  • Head or neck injury
  • Brain problems such as stroke or tumor
  • Certain medications that cause ear damage
  • Migraine headaches
  • Symptoms of Vertigo

Vertigo is often triggered by a change in the position of your head.

People with vertigo typically describe it as feeling like they are:

  • Spinning
  • Tilting
  • Swaying
  • Unbalanced
  • Pulled to one direction

Other symptoms that may accompany vertigo include:

  • Feeling nauseated
  • Vomiting
  • Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Ringing in the ears or hearing loss
  • Symptoms can last a few minutes to a few hours or more and may come and go.

Treatment for Vertigo

Treatment for vertigo depends on what's causing it. In many cases, vertigo goes away without any treatment. This is because your brain is able to adapt, at least in part, to the inner ear changes, relying on other mechanisms to maintain balance.

For some, treatment is needed and may include:

Vestibular rehabilitation. This is a type of physical therapy aimed at helping strengthen the vestibular system. The function of the vestibular system is to send signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity.


  1. http://www.webmd.com/brain/vertigo-symptoms-causes-treatment#1
  2. http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-tinnitus-basics
  3. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-333-ginkgo.aspx?activeingredientid=333
  4. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/supplement-guide-ginkgo-biloba#1

Friday, June 9


1 comment
Kredit gambar dari sumber Internet dan baik untuk direnungkan.

Mula-mula aku nak perkenalkan piawaian pakai aircond kereta kena tengok jadual di atas. Aku ikut jadual di atas telah menyebabkan aku berjimat banyak - kompressor rosak ketika 11 tahun penggunaannya. Kalau RM1600 / 11 Tahun, maka setiap tahun aku kena simpan RM145.50 atau RM12 setiap bulan untuk sistem aircond yang berfungsi baik menyejukkan aku sepanjang perjalanan.

Aku kalau jalan jauh jarang matikan enjin dan aircond kalau ada anak, kalau dah sampai kampung pun jika anak masih tidur, bagilah 20-30 minit lagi tidur sejuk dalam tu

Kalau orang cakap RM1600 tu mahal, tidaklah mahal sebab dah pakai lebih 10 Tahun. Kenapa panjang umur? sebab dapat kasih sayang sepenuhnya dari tuannya hihi.

Ni Kompressor lama aku yang telah rosak magnetic clutch ya pecah. Semasa enjin hidup akan ada bunyi gerincing sebab Myvi pakai 1 belting pusingkan alternator dan kompressor. Jika sebelum ini aircond tiada berdengung dan mengaum semasa on aircond, boleh ganti sahaja magnetic clutch dalam RM300.00 sahaja. Tapi sebab aku dah kenalpasti masalahnya sebelum ini, maka seketul kompressor DENSO dibeli. Kos Kompressor dalam RM 1200 hingga RM1400 siap pasang. Waranty 6 Bulan.

Ini Kompressor baru DENSO, Aku gunakan kompressor Myvi Lagi Best/Alza. Tiada beza sangat cuma model aku model lama, yang ini model baru cuma ia agak besar sikit dan tapaknya dapat skrew hanya 3 daripada 4 lubang. Belting adjuster ada kalanya kena adjust sikit, ada kalanya tak perlu adjust. Kes aku ni belting agak pendek pula maka kena adjust sikit benda adjuster ni bagi panjang sikit :

Ni terpaksa grind bagi lebar  ikut marking tu. Kalau tak buat, belting agak ketat. Cari belting panjang sikit pun memang takda jual. Jadi aku cakap mekanik guna belting asal sahaja senang nak maintenance (Kat sini aku maklumkan ya, bukan aku yang buat, aku tukang kecoh je haha)

Ni selepas di pasang, enjin aku ni dah comot sebab gasket top kena ganti dan kena gam, maklumlah dah hampir 180,000 KM. Jadi berminyak hitam begitulah. Myvi aku low profile, jadi dia tak kisah comot hitam. Dia macam dialog cerita Tamil Sivaji, si anak tanya maknya kenapa dia tak dilahirkan cerah putih, mak dia cakap nanti kalau kotor susah nak basuh. Jadi begitulah aku ajar Myvi aku, walau hitam comot, aku tak abaikan dia dengan servis berkualiti - haha macam riak saja.

Daun Pisang aku hodoh sikit sebab selalu tanggal, kalau kena tayar dan sagat tu jadilah begitu. Aku kena ganti kondensor DENSO dalam RM400 dengan waranty 1 Tahun sebab kondensor asalnya keluar cecair agak kehitaman. Takut sudah masuk minyak kotor dalam tu. 

Kalau korang nampak kondensor ni letaknya depan radiator yang ada kipas tu dan bersebelahan dengan enjin yang panas. Tengah-tengah ni kena letak span supaya haba enjin tak pergi sebelah kondensor. 

Macam aku cakap sebelum ni dalam entri terdahulu, piping sejuk aircond tu kena balut getah macam aircond di rumah sebab nak kurangkan gangguan haba. Nak tahu paip mana, masa hidupkan aircond tu ko sentuh-sentuhlah paip mana yang sejuk.

Ni Kondensor asalnya terpaksa aku tamatkan perkhidmatannya demi negara.

Ok sekian cerita aku di Bulan Ramadhan ni. Jarang orang boleh menulis entri pada Ramadhan, kira hebat juga keturunan aku. 

Total Siap Kena RM1600.00 semua kerja-kerja ini, jadi raya ni aku tak bagi duit raya, baju raya pun tak payah beli, dan aku gembira dengan perjalananku disejukkan oleh aircond ini. Kalau korang masih tak paham tentang aircond, jangan susah hati, ikut je apa jadual di atas ajar, lagipun orang lain yang buatkan dengan sedikit upah.

Nanti aku cerita ganti steereng rack pula ya.

Friday, June 2


No comments

VERTIGO is a sense of rotation, rocking, or the world spinning, experienced even when someone is perfectly still.

Many children attempt to create a sense of vertigo by spinning around for a time; this type of induced vertigo lasts for a few moments and then disappears. In comparison, when vertigo occurs spontaneously or as a result of an injury it tends to last for many hours or even days before resolving.

Sound waves travel through the outer ear canal until they reach the ear drum. From there, sound is turned into vibrations, which are transmitted through the inner ear via three small bones -- the incus, the malleus, and the stapes -- to the cochlea and finally to the vestibular nerve, which carries the signal to our brain. Another important part of the inner ear is the collection of semicircular canals. These are positioned at right angles to each other, and are lined with sensitive cells to act like a gyroscope for the body. This distinctive arrangement, in combination with the sensitivity of the hair cells within the canals, provides instantaneous feedback regarding our position in space.


There are a number of different causes of vertigo. Vertigo can be defined based upon whether the cause is peripheral or central. Central causes of vertigo arise in the brain or spinal cord while peripheral vertigo is due to a problem within the inner ear. The inner ear can become inflamed because of illness, or small crystals or stones found normally within the inner ear can become displaced and cause irritation to the small hair cells within the semicircular canals, leading to vertigo. This is known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).

Meniere's disease, vertigo associated with hearing loss and tinnitus (ringing in the ear), is caused by fluid buildup within the inner ear; the cause of this fluid accumulation is unknown. Head injuries may lead to damage to the inner ear and be a cause of vertigo. Infrequently, strokes affecting certain areas of the brain, multiple sclerosis, or tumors may lead to an onset of vertigo. Some patients with a type of migraine headache called basilar artery migraine may develop vertigo as a symptom.

What are the risk factors for vertigo?

Head injuries may increase the risk of developing vertigo, as can different medications, including some antiseizure medications, blood pressure medications, antidepressants, and even aspirin. Anything that may increase your risk of stroke (high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and smoking) may also increase your risk of developing vertigo. For some people, drinking alcohol can cause vertigo.

Studies of the incidence of vertigo find that between 2% to 3% of a population is at risk of developing BPPV; older women seem to have a slightly higher risk of developing this condition.

Rujukan :


Thursday, June 1



Berapakah caj yang bank cimb kenakan setiap tahun jika kita memiliki fasiliti kad debit ini?
Seingat aku sebelum ini dalam RM8.00 setahun dan semalam aku tanya pegawai CIMB ni, dia pun mengatakan begitu sebelum ada fungsi WAVE.

Ok hari ini aku login CIMB, nah kena caj RM15.00. Caj GST  pula RM0.90. Tak sangka sebanyak RM15 dicaj oleh CIMB kepada pelanggan kan. Ni Kad Debit 1 aku, potongan di buat pada Akaun Simpanan walaupun aku ada Akaun Simpanan dan Akaun Semasa :

Ni Kad Debit 2 pula baru buka Akaun Semasa yang kedua dengan deposit RM1,000.00 pada 07 JUN 2017, hari ini dah kena caj RM15.90. Potongan di buat pada Akaun Semasa tersebut. Kalau tak issue Kad Debit, kita tak boleh buat Perbankan Online pula. Akaun Semasa Kedua ini aku tidak mohon buku cek. Tanya kad debit yang free charge memang tiada.

Bila dah kena caj ni, aku mula terfikir berapakah banyak penerima BRIM dari segi umur warga emas yang dah tak pakai kad ini secara rutin-digunakan hanya pada ketika duit BRIM masuk sahaja. Nanti lah aku check semula sebab kategori warga emas Akaun diorang jenis SENIOR. Kalau kena caj juga, tak tahulah untung besar CIMB nih. Agak keterlaluan caj sebanyak ini.

Check Website CIMB memang sah ada kenyataan dijelaskan tentang caj ini :

Berlainan pula dengan Kad Debit Maybank Pay Wave ini masih kekalkan harga Yuran Tahunan RM8.00 dan GST RM0.48 seperti aku kena pada17 JULAI 2017 lepas


Jadi yang aku kena perhatikan adalah setiap setiap Yuran Tahunan CIMB ini dicaj pada 27 MEI dan 07 JUN dan Yuran Tahunan Maybank pada 17 JULAI setiap tahun, jangan akhir tahun pun ada lagi sudah. 

Ok itu je penjelasan saya sebagai pengguna dan pelanggan CIMB dan MAYBANK.

** Artikel ini sebagai rujukan aku di masa depan dan tiada kena mengena dengan mana-mana pihak